Top 10 popular programming languages in 2018

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Popular Programming Languages

The modern era is filled with careers in the Technological field. Ranging from coding, web-hosting to web-development, there are various career options one can opt from. Technology has been rising its ranks almost every day and thus arising the need to keep up to date with its requirements and trends. In the field of coding, people often tend to emerge with the question “Which Programming Language should we learn?” or “What Programming Language will make us a better coder?”. Well, trust me, this is one of the most difficult to questions to answer and we scratch our heads off in search of an answer.

Here, we discuss a list of the most efficient languages. Mind you, this list is not just based on any random queries or on just a few trending keywords. We resurface with a detailed catalog of programming languages with minute research and keeping in mind the near future market tendencies.

An optimal programming language is often characterized by the following features:

  • The average salary offered in the particular language field.
  • Job frequency, availability, and openings.
  • Future market demands.
  • Efficient interface and ease of learning.

According to StackOverflow’s yearly survey, the following are the ‘hottest’ programming languages in today’s time span.

1. JavaScript

Top Programming languages-javascript

With over 69.8% litigants claiming to be operating on this platform, JavaScript takes the number 1 spot for the sixth consecutive year. Keeping in mind the famous Jeff Atwood quote “Any application that can be written in JavaScript will eventually be written in JavaScript”, its safe to say that JavaScript will provide plenty of opportunities in the near future as well. For the past few decade or so JavaScript has been dominating the web-development domain and its flourishment has been second to none.

Key features of JavaScript:

  • It is an object-based long handing language.
  • Provides the user a wide range of control over the browser.
  • It is a light-weighted language.
  • It is an interpreter-based language rather than a compiler-based language.
  • Any function in JavaScript can be declared using the function keyword.

2. Hyper Text Markup Language or HTML

Top programming languages-HTML

There are over 68.5% of users currently working on the Hyper Text Markup Language or popularly known as HTML field. HTML combined with its mates JavaScript and CSS forms a triangle of the foundation of web-technology. HTML documents are generally written in Notepad and saved as .html file format. It feeds the browser with the structure of a webpage and can be generated both locally and remotely. It helps in creating dynamic content by embedding it in a webpage.

Key features of HTML:

  • Easy to use and understand. It can be modified and manipulated at any given time.
  • It contains a bunch of formatting tags.
  • Enables users to add links to texts on web pages.
  • Allows designing of web pages with text.
  • It is supported across multiple platforms such as Windows, Linux, Mac OS, etc.

Also Read: 15 Awesome WhatsApp Tricks You Never Knew

3. Cascading Style Sheets or CSS

Top programming languages-css

Not far behind from its predecessors JavaScript and HTML, CSS boasts of a staggering 65.1% users. It is a style sheet language that represents files written in a markup format like in HTML. It completes the dominant World Wide Web trio along with JavaScript and HTML. It provides a way of representing content and increases accessibility by offering a range of colors, layouts, and fonts. CSS webpage documents are saved in .css file format.

Key features of CSS:

  • Allows usage of a single CSS file across multiple web pages.
  • Using CSS facilitates a single rule of a tag for all of the eventualities of that tag.
  • Facilitates ease of maintenance.
  • Allows the storage of web applications locally.
  • Supported across multiple platforms and browsers.

4. Structured Query Language or SQL

Top programming languages-sql

SQL is one of most important query languages around and has an active user-base of over 57%. It is the stronghold of the Entity-Relation model and is widely used for maintaining databases in the Database Management System or commonly known as DBMS. It consists of attributes, entities, and tuples maintained in a structural schema architecture.

Key features of SQL:

  • It is an Open Source Software.
  • It is highly scalable and flexible.
  • It is a robust language.
  • Makes management of data really easy.
  • It is a highly secured language.

Also Read: How Machine Learning is changing the world

5. Java

popular programming languages-JAVA

Java is a class-based programming language and is of two types: (a) application type and (b) applet type. Java Programming environment consists of the Java Development Kit (JDK) and the Java Standard Library (JSL). Programs in Java can be both compiled and interpreted and follows the “one interface, multiple methods” principle of polymorphism. It has a useful range of over 45.3%.

Key features of Java:

  • Java is a multithreaded language.
  • It is an Object-Oriented Language.
  • Codes written in Java are highly encapsulated.
  • Syntaxes are easy to learn and understand.
  • It is highly robust and secured.

6. Bash/Shell

popular programming languages-shell

Developed for the GNU Project by Chief Engineer and respected coder Brian Fox, Bash/Shell boasts of a user base of 39.8%. It is Unix Shell and Command language. Most of the Linux machines’ login interface are designed using the Bash algorithm and are also widely used in MacOS.

Key Features of Bash/Shell:

  • Allows directory manipulation using the pushd, popd, and dirs commands.
  • Enables to use command-line editing.

7. Python

popular programming languages-python

Based on the dynamic programming approach, Python is a function-based programming language with 38.8% active users. Designed by Guido Van Rossum in the year 1991, Python is believed to be one of the easiest programming languages.

Key features of Python:

  • It is an Object Oriented Programming Language.
  • Supports multiple prototypes for a single piece of code.

8. C#

popular programming languages-c#

Developed by the software giants Microsoft, C# or C Sharp is a multi-paradigm programming language based on function declaration. 34.4% users claim to be diligently using this platform.

Key features of C#:

  • It is a simple language.
  • It is an Object Oriented Language.
  • Easily updatable.

9. PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor or PHP

popular programming languages-php

Supported only on Windows and Linux, the Rasmus Lerdorf creation has a respondent population of about 30.7%. It has a wide span of usage like web-template designing, text modification, etc.

Key features of PHP:

  • It is a simple language.
  • It is an interpreter-based language.
  • PHP is case sensitive and is open source.

10. C++

popular programming languages-cpp

One of the simplest languages ever, C++ is imperative to the use of both classes and functions and stands at 25.4% users.

Key features of C++:

  • It is an Object Oriented Programming (OOP) Language.
  • It allows data abstraction and polymorphism.
  • Helps in creating reliable softwares.
  • Supports Inheritance.

Popular Programming Languages


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